A high-level overview of the field of metrology and the solutions we provide.

What is Metrology?

Metrology is the science of measurement, and it plays a crucial role in quality control and manufacturing. By providing precise and accurate measurements, metrology helps ensure that products meet strict standards and specifications, minimizing defects and reducing waste. This is particularly important in industries such as aerospace, automotive, and medical device manufacturing, where high levels of precision are essential for safety and performance. In addition to improving product quality, metrology can also help reduce costs by identifying opportunities for process improvement and optimization.

The history of metrology dates back thousands of years, with early civilizations developing measurement systems for trade and construction. However, it was not until the Industrial Revolution that modern metrology began to take shape, with the development of increasingly precise measuring instruments and the standardization of measurement units. Today, metrology has a wide range of applications, including manufacturing, healthcare, and environmental monitoring. Common measurement tools used in metrology include coordinate measuring machines (CMMs), optical profilers, and surface roughness testers. As technology continues to advance, the role of metrology in industry is only set to grow in importance.

The Subfields of Metrology:

Scientific Metrology

Scientific metrology is the branch of metrology that deals with the development of measurement standards, the establishment of the units of measurement, and the determination of the constants of nature. The history of scientific metrology can be traced back to the French Revolution when the need for standardization of measurements became apparent. 

Today, scientific metrology continues to play a crucial role in ensuring accuracy and traceability in measurements. With the development of new technologies, such as quantum metrology and nanometrology, the field of scientific metrology is constantly evolving, and new discoveries are being made that will further improve the accuracy and precision of measurements.

Industrial Metrology

Industrial metrology is the application of measurement science in manufacturing and production processes. It involves the use of specialized measurement machines such as coordinate measuring machines (CMMs), optical scanners, and profilometers, to ensure the accuracy and quality of manufactured parts. Industrial metrology has become an essential part of modern manufacturing due to its ability to provide precise measurements in a fast and efficient manner. 

Common applications of industrial metrology include quality control, dimensional analysis, reverse engineering, and statistical process control. By using industrial metrology, manufacturers can reduce costs, improve product quality, and increase production efficiency.

Legal Metrology

Legal metrology is the branch of metrology concerned with ensuring fair trade and consumer protection through accurate and reliable measurements in commercial transactions. It involves the establishment of regulations and standards for measuring instruments, such as scales, meters, and gauges, to ensure their accuracy and traceability to national or international standards. Legal metrology is essential in industries where measurements directly impact the value or safety of products, such as food and beverage, healthcare, energy, and transportation. 

Common applications of legal metrology include product labeling, fuel dispensing, and medical device testing and certification.

The Branches of Metrology:

Explore the different branches of metrology. These branches are defined by the type of thing being measured.


Surface Finish

Time and Frequency

Force and Torque

Temperature and Humidity




Dimensional Metrology

The measurement of physical dimensions, such as length, width, and height. It involves the use of specialized equipment and techniques, such as micrometers, calipers, and coordinate measuring machines (CMMs).

Surface Finish

Surface metrology deals with the measurement and analysis of surface texture, including roughness, waviness, and form. It is often used in manufacturing, quality control, and tribology (the study of friction, wear, and lubrication) applications.

Time and Frequency Metrology

The measurement and control of time and frequency. It involves the use of specialized equipment and techniques, such as atomic clocks and frequency counters, and is critical for applications such as global navigation systems and telecommunications.

Force and Torque Metrology

The measurement of force and torque. This branch is important in the manufacturing industry as it ensures that machines and equipment are properly calibrated and functioning correctly. Force and torque measurement is also important in research and development, as it allows for the precise measurement of small forces and torques in a variety of settings. Common applications of force and torque metrology include testing materials and components for strength and durability, verifying the performance of machinery, and ensuring accuracy in the production of high-precision components.

Temperature and Humidity Metrology

The measurement of temperature and humidity. It involves the use of specialized equipment and techniques, such as thermocouples and resistance temperature detectors (RTDs), and is critical for applications such as food safety and pharmaceutical manufacturing.

Electrical Metrology

The measurement of electrical quantities, such as voltage, current, and resistance. It involves the use of specialized equipment and techniques, such as multimeters and oscilloscopes, and is critical for applications such as electronics manufacturing and power generation.

Chemical Metrology

The measurement of chemical quantities, such as pH and concentration. It involves the use of specialized equipment and techniques, such as spectrometers and chromatographs, and is critical for applications such as environmental monitoring and drug development.

Our Core Competencies in Metrology

At Indicate Technologies, we specialize in the applications of dimensional and surface finish metrology in industry.

We provide top-quality dimensional and surface finish metrology solutions to meet the diverse needs of our customers. We offer advanced measurement systems, such as coordinate measuring machines (CMMs) and CT scanners, which are designed to deliver precise and accurate measurements of complex geometries and surface topography.

We also offer a range of metrology services, including contract inspection services, equipment calibrations, equipment training, GD&T training, and quality inspection support to help our clients achieve the highest standards of accuracy, precision, and efficiency in their processes. By leveraging our expertise and state-of-the-art equipment, our clients can enhance their productivity, reduce waste and costs, and increase customer satisfaction.